Emergency Management

What Does Emergency Management Do?

Emergency  Preparedness is responsible for

  • Developing and maintaining an all hazards plan  for disaster response
  • Coordinating response  to emergencies of all sizes, be it a local response or an incident requiring  state or federal assistance
  • Managing long term  mitigation and recovery efforts before and after any incident
  • Establishing and maintaining inter and intra-jurisdictional  agreements
  • Preparing and conducting  emergency response exercises twice a year

Phases of Emergency Management

Mitigation

Mitigation refers to the actions taken before an event occurs to prevent or lessen the impact the event has to life and property. Examples of mitigation activities are:

  • Establish building codes
  • Grant funding
  • Training

Preparedness

Preparedness involves activities, actions, procurements, planning, training and inter jurisdictional cooperation designed to increase response readiness to identified hazards the community faces.

Response

Response involves the mobilization of resources to meet the needs of the   community in response to the nature of the disaster, including local, county,   state and federal resources as necessary.  Response is usually associated with the period of time immediately after the   event and necessary to ensure life safety issues are handled.  Examples of response activities include:

  • Fire and EMS services
  • Search and Rescue
  • Debris removal
  • Public works activities
  • Law enforcement

Recovery

Recovery is the long-term mobilization of support operations that work toward   returning the community to its pre-event condition. This period is   usually when social services and volunteer organizations tasked with relief   effort gear up. The greater the magnitude of the disaster, the greater the   recovery effort.

Family Disaster Plan

Your family may not be together when disaster strikes, so it is important to   plan in advance how you will contact one another, how you will get back   together, and what you will do in different situations.

Online Family Emergency Planning Tools

Family Emergency Supply Kit

The Federal Emergency Management Agency and the American Red Cross recommend   families stock their homes with six basics: water, food, first aid supplies,   clothing and bedding, tools and emergency supplies, and special items. Keep the items that you would most likely need during an evacuation in an easy-to carry  container, such as a covered trash container, a camping backpack or a duffle bag.

Water

  • Store water in plastic containers such as soft drink bottles. Avoid using   containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles.   A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts of water each day.   Hot environments and intense physical activity can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers and ill people will need more.
  • Store one gallon of water per person per day.
  • Keep at least a three-day supply of water per person (two quarts for   drinking, two quarts for each person in your household for food   preparation/sanitation).

Food

Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. Select foods that   require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking, and little or no water. If you   must heat food, pack a can of sterno. Select food items that are compact and   lightweight. Your selections should include ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits   and vegetables; canned juices; staples (salt, sugar, pepper, spices, etc.); high   energy foods and vitamins. Remember food for family members with special needs,   such as infants or people with dietary restrictions.

First Aid Supplies

Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car that includes:

  • 20 adhesive bandages in various sizes
  • 5″ x 9″ sterile dressing
  • Conforming roller gauze bandage
  • 2 triangular bandages
  • Sterile gauze pads
  • Roll of 3″ cohesive bandage
  • Germicidal hand wipes or waterless alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • Antiseptic wipes
  • Large medical grade non-latex gloves
  • Adhesive tape, 2″ width
  • Anti-bacterial ointment
  • Cold pack
  • Scissors (small, personal)
  • Tweezers
  • CPR breathing barrier, such as a face shield
  • Non-prescription drugs, such as aspirin or non aspirin pain reliever,   anti-diarrhea medication, antacid (for stomach upset), syrup of Ipecac (use to   induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center)

Clothing and Bedding

Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear per person.   Consider including sturdy shoes or work boots, rain gear, blankets or sleeping   bags, hat and gloves, thermal underwear and sunglasses.

Tools and supplies

Your emergency supplies should include a battery-operated radio and   flashlight with extra batteries, matches in a waterproof container, a   non-electric can opener, eating utensils, a fire extinguisher, plastic sheeting   and tape. Also remember to have cash on hand because banks may not be open and   ATMs may not be operating. Other items to consider include signal flares, sewing   supplies, basic tools, maps, a whistle and sanitation supplies (such as toilet   paper, a plastic bucket, disinfectant and soap).

Special Items

Remember family members with special requirements, such as infants, the   elderly, or people with disabilities. Make sure your supply kit includes diapers,   formula, prescription medications, contact lens supplies, extra eyeglasses or   other special items your family may need. Also include games and books for   children.

For more information on creating your own emergency supply kit, click here.